Research investigating the potential value of qualitative methods has highlighted their role in facilitating the transferability of interventions, improving external validity, providing a more nuanced understanding of contexts and processes, and improving delivery of interventions.
As a result, qualitative methods often are poorly or haphazardly integrated into existing trials, contributing to variation in the quality of qualitative research used alongside trials [ 15 ]. Clarendon Press, Oxford Google Scholar.
Wellings et al.
Breen, R. We conducted a thematic analysis of the interview data by using a framework approach [ 37 ]. In the process, however, the ability of the researcher to present, or the reader to infer, valuable insights from the data may be reduced.
Innovative qualitative methods described in the interviews include rapid ethnographic appraisals, document analysis, diary methods, interactive voice responses and short message service, community mapping, spiral walks, pair interviews and visual participatory analysis.
By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. From standardization to adaptation: Clinical trials and the moral economy of anticipation. Using qualitative methods in intervention Methods: We conducted focus group discussions with 38 gay and. These strategies will be explored further in relation to the consent process, briefing prior to the focus group, the conduct and moderation of the focus group, and debriefing after the focus group.
Within any form of interview, the rapport that is established between the informant and the researcher, and the efforts of the latter to encourage views or experiences to be expressed, may lead to an individual saying more than he or she might have wished or intended to.
Interviewees also mentioned the potential of interviewing young people in pairs or with friends or using role-play or song to address shyness or to obtain valuable information from younger participants:. Kervin, L. The focus group is such that issues of confidentiality and anonymity are acute, especially when the discussion concerns sensitive topics: The nature of the group setting is such that participants are obliged to express in public what they usually regard as private, and neither the reaction nor the discretion of the group can necessarily be predicted.